A cardiovascular physical examination includes visually inspecting your physical appearance for symptoms, monitoring your heart rate, and checking your pulse and blood pressure.
In addition to checking your pulse and blood pressure and listening to your heart, your doctor can tell about your heart’s function by examining other parts of your body such as your eyes, arms, legs, and skin.
Heart Rate Monitoring, Pulse and Blood Pressure Check
Your doctor listens to your heart with the aid of a stethoscope. The opening and closing of your valves make a “lub dub” sound known as the heart sounds. The doctor can evaluate your heart and valve function and hear your heart’s rate and rhythm by listening to your heart sounds.
Your doctor will also feel your pulse and measure your blood pressure to check your heart’s rate, rhythm, and regularity. Each pulse matches up with a heartbeat that pumps blood into the arteries. The force of the pulse also helps evaluate the amount (strength) of blood flow to different areas of your body. Blood pressure is the force or pressure exerted in the arteries by the blood as it is pumped around the body by the heart.