Edema is a tumescence of tissues because of the accumulation of liquids in particular places. It can strike any part of the body, but limbs are more vulnerable to this disorder due to the lowering of the fluid under the influence of gravity. It is very unpleasant when a person gets edema in the legs. After all, legs are the basis of our ability to walk. And complications of movement along with pain will affect all other aspects of life. Of course, you want to feel reliable resistance and accuracy of movements during intense action, so noticing the edema symptoms in time is an important guarantee of successful solving of the problem.
People should seek medical attention immediately if they have any symptoms. At first, it may seem like a temporary nuisance, however, there is a possibility of getting complications such as skin ulcers, infections, scars between layers of tissues without timely help. In such cases, edema treatment is much more difficult, and you need the patience to eliminate all negative effects. Therefore, the list of warnings for edema in legs include:
- swollen hands and feet that do not go back to the beginning form for a long time or you see the repeating of the condition;
- lustrous or strained skin; there is a hole when pressed and it doesn’t disappear instantly;
- pain in the ankle or feet that can indicate the formation of blood clots deep in veins;
- discomfort, itchy skin, its reduced elasticity, the outer layer will be lumpy too;
- chest pain, breathlessness, and difficulty breathing.
Edema in one leg is also possible. The development of the condition depends on the causes of edema, first of all.
Causes of edema
Edema in the feet can appear when the balance of circulation of liquids is damaged. A person can experience mild symptoms after prolonged sitting in the same position, especially if he or she minimizes general physical activity in everyday life. Sometimes, swelling feet are the result of the consumption of excessive quantities of salt food. On such occasions, a person needs to provide a balanced diet as a component of edema treatment. This diagnosis is not too unusual for pregnant women who have a large load on their legs.
Patients may have diseases that directly disguise negative influx on the legs. This is, for instance, congestive heart failure when the heart cannot cope with pumping blood. If a liver is hurt too as in cirrhosis, the fluid goes to the extremities. Therefore, a lot of factors are able to cause edema in the legs.
People also should be careful with using drugs. Their side effects are often more serious than curing benefits. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, ones against high blood pressure and diabetes belong here. Treatment for edema in legs and feet implies the initial clarification of how the problem appeared, and only then the selection of needed drugs and procedures. Edema in the feet is mostly not chronic, so patients can cure it with satisfactory outcomes. If patients consult the specialists, the recovering will come quicker.